ГЛАГОЛЫ (PHRASAL VERBS)
Фразовые глаголы часто употребляют со следующими словами:
on, off, in,
out, up, down,
away, back, over,
about, round, forward,
through, along. И часто смысл
глагола меняется. Например:
Look! - Посмотри!
Look out! - Будь осторожен!
Вот некоторые из них:
||That old Jeep had a tendency to break
||Popular songs seem to catch on
in California first.
||return to a place
||We will never come back to this
||They tried to come in through the
back door, but it was locked.
||He was hit on the head very hard, but
after several minutes, he started to come to again.
||The children promised to come over,
but they never do.
||visit without appointment
||We used to just drop by, but they
were never home, so we stopped doing that.
||dine in a restaurant
||When we visited Paris, we loved eating
out in the sidewalk cafes.
||Uncle Heine didn't have much money, but
he always seemed to get by without borrowing money
||Grandmother tried to get up, but
the couch was too low, and she couldn't make it on her
||return to a place
||It's hard to imagine that we will ever
go back to Lithuania.
||He would finish one Dickens novel and
then just go on to the next.
||Charles grew up to be a lot like
||remain at a distance
||The judge warned the stalker to keep
away from his victim's home.
|keep on (+gerund)
||continue with the same
||He tried to keep on singing
long after his voice was ruined.
||lose consciousness, faint
||He had drunk too much; he passed out
on the sidewalk outside the bar.
||Whenever he sat down at the piano, we
knew he was going to show off.
||Day after day, Efrain showed up
for class twenty minutes late.
||arouse from sleep
||I woke up when the rooster (ам.
СОКРАЩЕННЫЕ ФОРМЫ ГЛАГОЛОВ
1. В разговорном английском языке обычно используются
сокращенные формы вспомогательных глаголов. Их также часто используют
и в неформальной письменной речи. При использовании сокращенной
формы вместо пропущенных букв ставится апостроф ('):
|'m = am
||I'm your boss.
|'s = is
||She's my girlfriend.
|'s = has
||He's just a freak.
||You're all right.
|'ve = have
||We've lost it!
|'ll = will или shall
||I'll be back.
|'d = would или had
||They'd like to meet you.
2. Сокращенные формы глаголов с частицей not:
do not = don't;
does not = doesn’t;
did not = didn't;
have not = haven't;
has not = hasn't;
had not = hadn't;
cannot = can’t;
could not = couldn't;
will not = won’t;
shall not = shan’t;
would not = wouln't;
should not = shouldn't;
must not = mustn't;
need not = needn't;
might not = mightn't (редко);
dare not = daren't (редко);
is not = isn't;
are not = aren’t
was not = wasn't;
were not = weren't;
ain't = is not, are not (редко);
3. Некоторые из этих сокращенных форм используются после вопросительных
who's = who is;
who'll = who will (или who shall);
who'd = who would, who had;
what's = what is, what has;
what'll = what will;
how's = how is, how has;
where's = where is, where has;
when's = when is;
here's = here is;
that's = that is;
that'll = that will;
there's = there is, there has;
there'll = there will.
Иногда краткие формы (особенно 's) используются
John's coming. = John is coming.
Her sister's just left. = Her sister has just left.
Сокращенные формы не используются, если соответствующий
глагол стоит в конце предложения:
Yes, you are. (Нельзя сказать Yes,
Do you remember how old he is? (Нельзя сказать Do
you remember how old he's.)