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|В уроке 29 внесены изменения в изложение грамматического материала. Добавлены напоминание и уточнение к правилу о порядке слов в английском предложении. Другими словами изложено правило перевода сложноподчиненных предложений времени и условия с английского языка на русский.
Спасибо участникам учебного процесса за активность при обсуждении уроков.
History of Britain (история Британии)
in the Middle Ages depended on co-operation between the king and
the barons. As they often quarrelled, it is easy to suppose that
they were opponents at heart; or at least that they had different
interests, like employers and trade unionists. But when the royal
government was strong and successful, the king usually had no
trouble with the barons, just as employers and trade unionists
get along better when business is good. As a rule, the barons
liked a strong royal government, even if that meant some restrictions
on themselves. Like most people, they preferred law and order
To keep the barons loyal and helpful, the king had to be a
man worthy of their respect. King John (1199-1216) fell far
short of that standard. Although he was not an evil man, John
could be vicious and treacherous. Though clever, he was lazy.
Though he had a sense of humour, his jokes could be unpleasant
for others. When he went to Ireland as governor for his brother
Richard I, he laughed at the old-fashioned appearance of the
Irish lords and amused himself by pulling their long beards.
The Irish were deeply offended by such behaviour, and no wonder.
Just as foolishly, John angered the English barons. They were
already discontented as a result of the heavy taxes they had
to pay for the Crusading campaigns of Richard I. John demanded
yet more taxes for his French wars and, what was far worse,
John's wars were unsuccessful. The barons resented the king's
cruel and unpredictable behaviour towards individuals; they
suspected him of having his nephew, Prince Arthur, secretly
murdered. They were annoyed by John's refusal to seek advice
from the men who, according to tradition, should have been his
chief counsellors – themselves.
Обилие простых - в том числе интернациональных - слов,
элементарная грамматика, гениальная музыка и замечательное
исполнение делают это произведение незаменимым для начинающих
изучать английский язык. Ну а сам мюзикл
"Призрак Оперы", частью которого является
песня, уже стал классикой англоязычной культуры. На
данный момент это самое долгоиграющее шоу в истории
Бродвея (Нью-Йорк) и один из самых самый долгоиграющий
спектаклей в истории лондонских театров.
Голос Сары Брайтман - прекрасный образец британского
варианта английского языка.
|Отрывок речи Анджелины Джоли на церемонии вручения наград почётных "Оскаров". Лос-Анджелес, США.
Попробуйте разобрать детали без опоры на текст. Возможно всё разобрать не получится, но если что-то и поймете, то это уже путь к успеху.
Есть русские субтитры.
Песня написана под впечатлением одного из рассказов,
повествующего об истории солдата, подорвавшегося на
мине, но тем не менее выжившего и сохранившем способность
мыслить. Перед слушателем предстают мысленные кошмарные
картины и ощущения человека, ставшего ещё одним из множества
бессмысленных жертв войны. В клипе использованы вставки
из американского фильма 1971 года "Johnny Got His
Gun" («Джонни взял ружьё»), взявшего в том же году гран-при Каннского
кинофестиваля. Песня написана в 1987 году. Клип создан
Слабонервным слушать и просматривать клип не рекомендуется.
History of Britain (история Британии)
development of England into a united nation, with a strong central
government headed by the king, had received a setback (движение
назад) in the chaotic reign of the previous king, Stephen.
But the setback was not so severe as it looked to people like
the monks who wrote the chronicles of the time. The system had
not been destroyed. During the reign of Henry II, law and government
in England were restored and strengthened.
Monarchs are always interesting people - because they are
monarchs. Historians have been fascinated by the character of
Queen Victoria, but if she had been the daughter of a banker
or a fishmonger no one would have noticed her. In the Middle
Ages, when monarchs were far more powerful than they were in
the 19th century, their personalities and talents were more
important. England today might be a different place if Henry
II had not reigned from 1154 to 1189.
Henry was about medium height, heavily built, with slight bow
legs from spending so much time on horseback. He had reddish
hair and a big freckled face, with grey eyes that grew bloodshot
and glowed when he was in a rage. Like all his family, he had
a fierce temper, and would roll on the floor, biting the rushes
that covered it. But normally he was a kind, even humble man,
and less cruel than most men of his time. His favourite sport
was hunting, and vigorous exercise helped prevent him growing
|Ниже приведены короткие стишки, которые позволяют запомнить английские слова ball, artist, boat, press. Пожалуйста в комментариях добавляйте свои варианты для других слов.
|В библиотеку добавлены пять сказок. Книги расположены в порядке возрастания сложности. Первые четыре знакомы русскоязычному читателю, и это делает их легче для понимания. Последняя дана в несколько упрощенном варианте, но всё же является хорошим примером английской народной сказки, с особой стилистикой и колоритом.
Rapunzel, by the Brothers Grimm
The Steadfast Tin Soldier, by Hans Christian Andersen
Cinderella, by Charles Perrault
The Tinderbox, by Hans Christian Andersen
Mossycoat, English folk tale
History of Britain (история Британии)
(+ русский перевод)
In 1100 the population of England was less than 1.5 million -
about the size of the present population of Birmingham and Coventry.
Only about 100,000 of them lived in towns, and few places were
large enough to match our idea of what a town should be. (The
word 'town' originally meant a homestead - just one house.) London
was, as always, an exception. When William I began to build his
White Tower overlooking the Thames, about 20,000 people lived
there, all of them inside the walls of the old Roman city. York,
Norwich and Lincoln were the next largest, though probably none
had more than 5,000 people.
Towns were nevertheless growing fast under the Normans, and
they went on growing until the early 14th century. Landowners
soon noticed that towns were profitable places, and they were
eager to start one, or, more often, to increase the size of
a town that already existed. This was something that only rich
landlords could do, as it did require some expense to get a
town going, though nothing like the expense of building new
Landlords were not concerned with 'town planning'. New parishes
were added on higgledy-piggledy: you have only to look at a
city like Norwich, where there are twenty medieval parish churches
within five minutes' walk of one spot (not counting the cathedral,
which alone might held the whole population) to see the chaos
- but attractive chaos - of the growth of a medieval town.
Nine out of ten people in England lived in the country, the
majority in small villages. There were isolated farms in some
parts, where people lived a pioneer life far from the nearest
neighbours, like farms on the frontier of the American West
in the 19th century. But Norman England was mostly a country
of small villages.
Driving through the English countryside today, the villages
seem very close together, but 800 years ago they seemed much
farther apart. There were no roads then, only muddy tracks,
and a journey of only a kilometre or two could be difficult
in winter. In any case, people did not travel. Most of them
probably did not want to, they would very seldom have had the
opportunity. The English peasant was born, lived and died in
the same place. ...